Thursday, September 24, 2015

Portlet Preferences in Liferay


Today we will discuss about Portlet Preferences in Liferay. Lets discuss some basic things about Portlet Preferences:-

  • Portlet Preferences are properties for storing basic portlet configuration data.
  • Portlet Preferences are key value pair that are stored by the portal.
  • These preferences are available via PortletPreferences interface.
  • The values are stored in portletpreferences table.


We can set preferences by two ways:-
  1)By using portlet.xml.
  2)By using PortletPreferences interface.

You can read more about PortletPreferences here.

So lets start this step by step:-




Step 1:-Create Liferay Project and Portlet
Create a Liferay Project in eclipse and then create a portlet in the Project.For theses you may refer Step 1 and Step 2 of my previous blog Here .

Step 2:-Change portlet.xml
Open your portlet.xml and after </portlet-info> paste this:-
     
  <portlet-preferences> 
        <preference>
            <name>State</name>
            <value>Delhi</value>
         </preference>
    </portlet-preferences>

Explanation:-

  • Here we create a Key State and set a value Delhi to it.
  • We can also assign multiple values to a single key which return  array when we get the values.
  • We can use as many <preference></preference> tags for each  key-value pairs.

Step 3:-Change the Controller
Open your java file and paste this:-

Explanation:-
Here we are using PortletPreferences object and add another key-value pair and by using store() we commit this. For storing key-value in database store() is compulsory.

Step 4:-Change the view
Open your view.jsp and paste this

Explanation:-
Here we just get the values from PortletPreferences object.

Step 5:-Check the Output
Now deploy your portlet and check the output as:-



Note :- You can also change the values that are set in portlet.xml by using this code:-

                String state = preferences.getValue("State", "");
                preferences.setValue("State", "UP");
                preferences.store();



Database Tables


Note :- As soon as you remove the portlet from page this entry is also removed from table portletpreferences.






Hope this will Help....

You can Download Source code from  Portlet Preferences in Liferay.

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